About Target Area-


Rosera is an important commercial center in the days of river trade that a small township existed here since the early decades of 19th century.Historically, once the rail and road communication developed, the volume of trade substantially dwindled pushing the township to a stage of decline though it is one of the oldest municipal towns in Bihar. The total urban area is only 2.03 sq. km as recorded in 1991-census. Ravages of floods as well as innumerable ditches, nullahs rivulets, chaurs etc. have also made it somewhat inaccessible. Battered roads, and near-collapsing bridges also prevent any faster road-communication. There is also no impetus in the economy of the region that could impel faster communication. Even the rail-bead is on a meter gauge loop-line on which plying of trains may not be more than a few pairs.

Rosera sub-division is part of Samastipur district which was itself a sub-division of old Darbhanga district. In Rosera sub-division besides Rosera block, Singhia, Hansapur and Bibhutipur are the other three blocks. Waris-Nagar block is also adjacent to Rosera and for much of its population Rosera is in closer proximity. Khodabandpur a remote block of Begusarai district is also in close touch.

The most striking feature of the region is the female participation rate among landless agricultural workers group which is as high as 71.96% in comparison to the females of cultivator families of only 18.31%. This has obvious meaning that much of agriculture in the district is performed by women landless labors who mostly come from the schedule caste group.

Even male participation rate in this class is only 40.91% indicative of large scale migration of landless labors to different states. Still the over-all participation rate among rural women is only 8.14%. This shows a possibly short-falling work-opportunity in the district.

Towards this goal, Samuday has chosen a strategy of mobilizing women. Since much of their behavioral outlook is determined by the capacity of physical endurance and mental vitality, their physiological health is the key-factor in order to address them for any mobilization. Precisely it is physiological health that has to bear the brunt of economic social and emotional exploitation. Therefore efforts of mobilization have to begin with health awareness, which again is rooted in scientific knowledge of the female-body, or of prevalent diseases commonly afflicting them.

During its long years of work among the village women Samuday has identified some of the common diseases the women suffer most. Ignorance about female-body or personal hygiene, is found to be the root-cause of all such diseases. Persistent neglect, inbuilt social resistance to discuss these problems in the family, shying away from discussions of such health problems among couples or even among elder, younger or adolescent women are the common causes that leads women to live a traumatic life.

The most striking feature of the region is the female participation rate among landless agricultural workers group which is as high as 71.96% in comparison to the females of cultivator families of only 18.31%. This has obvious meaning that much of agriculture in the district is performed by women landless labors who mostly come from the schedule caste group.

Even male participation rate in this class is only 40.91% indicative of large scale migration of landless labors to different states. Still the over-all participation rate among rural women is only 8.14%. This shows a possibly short-falling work-opportunity in the district.

SAMUDAY